Russian Culture - Travel Advisor - The Great Things To See In Moscow, In Saint Petersburg, In Russia...
"...I am planning to travel to Russia in the Christmas Holiday! I just want to know a few things before I go!"
"...The winter in Russia in general is tough. Make
sure to take a lot of warm clothes. Speaking from experience,-it's freezing
there in December and you will want to go out and see things!
There are not a lot of people who speak English in Moscow but then again
you might find some people who do. If you can, take a dictionary or get someone
to help you out.
There are a lot of great things to see in
Moscow. It's huge and just crazy as NY city. Get some tour maps, do some
reasearch in the library or just ask around. Also don't forget that crime is on
the rise. When people see tourists they see targets. Be cautious, ask around and
don't just trust anybody. Please take this caution
You chose a great country and city to go to!
Just be careful and have a great time!"
Russia has a rich cultural heritage, that
comes to life in all the cities, the countryside and the small little towns.
with the Tretyakov
Gallery that features some of the most famous Russian icons,
Petersburg on the river Neva with it's famous 'white nights' and art collections of the
Museum and the
Museum and the countryside with it's many little towns, each with its own old cloisters and castles.
Russian culture has a long history and
tradition and Russians are very proud of it.
Russia is a large and extremely culturally
diverse country, with dozens of ethnic groups, each with their own forms of
folk music, languages and religions. Although the majority of
Russians consider themselves as Christians, and belong to
Russian Orthodox Churches. It's a great achievement
for the country where atheism was the official state religion for more than 70
Russians consider themselves as a
well educated nation. They read a lot, they are fond of
live opera, musical, ballet
and drama performances at
and they enjoy attending some of the very modern movie theatres.
The history of Russian
literature, music, ballet, and drama
includes some of the greatest artists and works ever
Much of this art flowered in Russia during the 19th century, and major cultural figures of the period include such writers as Aleksandr
Nikolay Gogol, Ivan Turgenev, and Anton
and such composers as Mikhail Glinka, Peter
and Aleksandr Borodin. Drama, ballet, and opera also have their
traditions rooted in the 19th century; a prominent figure in theater at this
time was Konstantin Stanislavski, who founded the
Moscow Art Theater in 1898.
Under the influence of the Soviet
government, however, Russian cultural works of the 20th century were heavily
censored, and many outstanding writers and
artists were stifled or forced to publish their works abroad.
The great tradition of Russian literature was
carried on by a few writers of the Soviet period, such as Maksim
Boris Pasternak, Mikhail Sholokhov, and
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. The last was ultimately exiled in the
1970s because of his controversial work, including the famous novel One
Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962; translated 1963). See also
Russian Literature. Music, dance (especially classical
ballet), and film fared somewhat better during the Soviet period, and
famous composers of the period included Dmitry
and Sergey Prokofiev. See also
Russian achievements in literature,
music, ballet, and drama are
also well represented in a wide variety of cultural institutions. Russia
maintains a huge number of museums of all
kinds, including outdoor museums of architectural
preservation. Most of the country's major cultural institutions are in
Petersburg. Best known to tourists are the
Museum in Saint Petersburg, one of the
world's great museums, and the Armory Museum in the
Kremlin. Also in Moscow are the Tretyakov
Gallery, with a collection devoted to Russian art, the
Museum of Fine Arts, the Folk-Art Museum,
and the Museum of the Revolution, as well as many other
smaller, more specialized collections.
The Permanent Exhibition of National
Economic Achievements in Moscow offers a large display of contemporary
achievements in science, industry, and agriculture. To the
northeast of Moscow there is a string of a half-dozen old
kremlin (citadel) towns that served as seats of government for
city-states during the Middle Ages. These have been restored as part of a
tourist circuit known as the
Russia also has thousands of libraries of various kinds. Best known is the Russian
Library in Moscow, which houses more than 30 million
volumes in some 250 languages-one of the largest library collections in the
world. Other leading libraries include the M. E.
Saltykov-Shchedrin Public Library in Saint
Petersburg, with about 28.5 million volumes; the Library of the
Russian Academy of Sciences, with about 19 million volumes; and
Moscow State University Library, with about 6.6 million
volumes. The best-known theaters in Moscow are the
the Maly ("small") Theater, and the
Moscow Art Theater. In addition, many of the larger productions
of the Bolshoi ballet and opera troupes are presented in the
Palace of Congresses, which seats 6000 people. Other
theaters of note in Moscow are the Central Children's Theater, the
Puppet Theater, the Moscow Art Theater, the
Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko Musical Theater, the
Operetta Theater, and the Theater Art
Institute. Saint Petersburg has the
Theater of Opera and Ballet, the Maly
Theater, and the Pushkin Dramatic Theater.
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